While both languages have extensive uses on the web what they are and what they do couldn’t be more different. If you’re building a site for your business, you’re likely going to be working with a web developer and understanding some of the fundamentals of web development (at least in the form of terminology and concepts) will make your experience designing your site more efficient and simple for both you and your developer or development team.
Java belongs to a type of programming language known as a general-purpose computer programming language. It was designed to follow the simple mantra “write once, run anywhere,” which is sometimes abbreviated as “WORA.” What WORA means is that compiled (completed and processed) Java code can be run on any system that supports the language.
In all likelihood, during your everyday computer use, you’ve probably been pestered by a Java updater on your computer asking you to update Java and restart your computer. Those updates are necessary because nearly every system in the world works with Java now, giving incredible depth to the WORA mantra. The Java Runtime Environment, which interprets and allows Java code to run, is included with every major operating system.
Java was designed originally in 1991 by James Gosling. Sun Microsystems picked up the language and released the first fully usable version in 1995. Java is now owned by Oracle Corporation, which bought out Sun in 2010 and has provided support for the language ever since. The language became incredibly popular following its launch, as its versatility for web applications was and is remarkable. As of now, Java is one of the most popularly used programming languages, being used in some form by an incredible percentage of websites.
Java’s usefulness comes from the philosophy of its design; the five goals set out for the language were to ensure it would be simple, secure, portable, high-performance, and dynamic. The incredible amount of talent working on the development of the language over the years has helped ensure these goals were fulfilled.
As you can see, the actual function of each of these two similarly-named languages is very different. While their history is certainly intertwined, they are independently powerful and useful languages that serve notably different purposes.
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